Role-based access control (RBAC) is a method of regulating access to computer or network resources based on the roles of users within an organization. In RBAC, users are assigned to specific roles, and each role is granted a specific set of permissions that determine what actions the user is allowed to perform and what resources they are able to access.
RBAC is often used in conjunction with authentication systems to verify the identity of users and ensure that they are only granted access to resources that they are authorized to use. It can also be used to enforce compliance with security policies and regulations, by limiting access to specific resources or actions to authorized users only.
One of the key advantages of RBAC is that it allows organizations to easily manage access to resources and control user permissions based on the roles that users play within the organization. This can be particularly useful in large organizations with complex hierarchies and multiple levels of access.
RBAC can be implemented at various levels, including at the system level, the network level, and the application level. It can also be applied to different types of resources, such as files, databases, and system functions.
Overall, RBAC is an important tool for regulating access to resources and enforcing security policies, and is widely used in a variety of organizations to ensure the security and integrity of systems and data.